Component Registration (EN)

This page assumes you’ve already read the Components Basics. Read that first if you are new to components.

Component Names

Cette page est en cours de traduction mais vous pouvez en trouver une ancienne version ici. Pour nous aider, vous pouvez participer sur le dépôt GitHub dédié de Vuejs-FR.

When registering a component, it will always be given a name. For example, in the global registration we’ve seen so far:

Vue.component('my-component-name', { /* ... */ })

The component’s name is the first argument of Vue.component.

The name you give a component may depend on where you intend to use it. When using a component directly in the DOM (as opposed to in a string template or single-file component), we strongly recommend following the W3C rules for custom tag names (all-lowercase, must contain a hyphen). This helps you avoid conflicts with current and future HTML elements.

You can see other recommendations for component names in the Style Guide.

Name Casing

You have two options when defining component names:

With kebab-case

Vue.component('my-component-name', { /* ... */ })

When defining a component with kebab-case, you must also use kebab-case when referencing its custom element, such as in <my-component-name>.

With PascalCase

Vue.component('MyComponentName', { /* ... */ })

When defining a component with PascalCase, you can use either case when referencing its custom element. That means both <my-component-name> and <MyComponentName> are acceptable. Note, however, that only kebab-case names are valid directly in the DOM (i.e. non-string templates).

Global Registration

So far, we’ve only created components using Vue.component:

Vue.component('my-component-name', {
// ... options ...
})

These components are globally registered. That means they can be used in the template of any root Vue instance (new Vue) created after registration. For example:

Vue.component('component-a', { /* ... */ })
Vue.component('component-b', { /* ... */ })
Vue.component('component-c', { /* ... */ })

new Vue({ el: '#app' })
<div id="app">
<component-a></component-a>
<component-b></component-b>
<component-c></component-c>
</div>

This even applies to all subcomponents, meaning all three of these components will also be available inside each other.

Local Registration

Global registration often isn’t ideal. For example, if you’re using a build system like Webpack, globally registering all components means that even if you stop using a component, it could still be included in your final build. This unnecessarily increases the amount of JavaScript your users have to download.

In these cases, you can define your components as plain JavaScript objects:

var ComponentA = { /* ... */ }
var ComponentB = { /* ... */ }
var ComponentC = { /* ... */ }

Then define the components you’d like to use in a components option:

new Vue({
el: '#app'
components: {
'component-a': ComponentA,
'component-b': ComponentB
}
})

For each property in the components object, the key will be the name of the custom element, while the value will contain the options object for the component.

Note that locally registered components are not also available in subcomponents. For example, if you wanted ComponentA to be available in ComponentB, you’d have to use:

var ComponentA = { /* ... */ }

var ComponentB = {
components: {
'component-a': ComponentA
},
// ...
}

Or if you’re using ES2015 modules, such as through Babel and Webpack, that might look more like:

import ComponentA from './ComponentA.vue'

export default {
components: {
ComponentA
},
// ...
}

Note that in ES2015+, placing a variable name like ComponentA inside an object is shorthand for ComponentA: ComponentA, meaning the name of the variable is both:

Module Systems

If you’re not using a module system with import/require, you can probably skip this section for now. If you are, we have some special instructions and tips just for you.

Local Registration in a Module System

If you’re still here, then it’s likely you’re using a module system, such as with Babel and Webpack. In these cases, we recommend creating a components directory, with each component in its own file.

Then you’ll need to import each component you’d like to use, before you locally register it. For example, in a hypothetical ComponentB.js or ComponentB.vue file:

import ComponentA from './ComponentA'
import ComponentC from './ComponentC'

export default {
components: {
ComponentA,
ComponentC
},
// ...
}

Now both ComponentA and ComponentC can be used inside ComponentB‘s template.

Automatic Global Registration of Base Components

Many of your components will be relatively generic, possibly only wrapping an element like an input or a button. We sometimes refer to these as base components and they tend to be used very frequently across your components.

The result is that many components may include long lists of base components:

import BaseButton from './BaseButton.vue'
import BaseIcon from './BaseIcon.vue'
import BaseInput from './BaseInput.vue'

export default {
components: {
BaseButton,
BaseIcon,
BaseInput
}
}

Just to support relatively little markup in a template:

<BaseInput
v-model="searchText"
@keydown.enter="search"
/>
<BaseButton @click="search">
<BaseIcon name="search"/>
</BaseButton>

Fortunately, if you’re using Webpack (or Vue CLI 3+, which uses Webpack internally), you can use require.context to globally register only these very common base components. Here’s an example of the code you might use to globally import base components in your app’s entry file (e.g. src/main.js):

import Vue from 'vue'
import upperFirst from 'lodash/upperFirst'
import camelCase from 'lodash/camelCase'

const requireComponent = require.context(
// The relative path of the components folder
'./components',
// Whether or not to look in subfolders
false,
// The regular expression used to match base component filenames
/Base[A-Z]\w+\.(vue|js)$/
)

requireComponent.keys().forEach(fileName => {
// Get component config
const componentConfig = requireComponent(fileName)

// Get PascalCase name of component
const componentName = upperFirst(
camelCase(
// Strip the leading `'./` and extension from the filename
fileName.replace(/^\.\/(.*)\.\w+$/, '$1')
)
)

// Register component globally
Vue.component(
componentName,
// Look for the component options on `.default`, which will
// exist if the component was exported with `export default`,
// otherwise fall back to module's root.
componentConfig.default || componentConfig
)
})

Remember that global registration must take place before the root Vue instance is created (with new Vue). Here’s an example of this pattern in a real project context.